The Anti-dumping Agreement is one of three World Trade Organisation (WTO) principal trade defence agreements. The UK and the European Community (EC) are party to the agreements, which are applied across all European Union (EU) member states.
Anti-dumping duty (ADD) is imposed in addition to any normal customs duty for which the goods being imported are liable. It enables the EC to take action against goods sold at considerably less than their 'normal value'. This is defined as a price that is lower than the price of similar goods in the country from which they originate.
For more information on the other two trade defence measures that the EC uses to protect its domestic industries from unfair competition from third countries, see the pages in this guide on anti-subsidies and countervailing duty measures and safeguard measures.
Any member state can unilaterally apply anti-dumping measures after an investigation shows that the imported goods infringe the ADD agreement and that the dumped imports are causing material injury to a domestic industry producing a similar product.
ADD measures usually take the form of additional duties. For more information, see the pages in this guide on how to check whether goods are liable to anti-dumping or countervailing duties and when to pay anti-dumping or countervailing duties.
Anti-dumping investigations are resolved by the exporters of the product agreeing not to sell that product below a certain price.
If you have observed dumping that has caused - or threatened to cause - material injury to your domestic industry, you should report it to the EC. For more information on the conditions needed for a claim to be accepted, see the page in this guide on what to do if you think goods are being dumped.
If you believe that a member state has not complied with all the requirements before imposing ADD measures, you can take your case to the WTO's Dispute Settlement Body.