News article

Brexit: How the food and drink sector can prepare

1 November 2019

Actions food and drink businesses can take to prepare for a no-deal Brexit

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal there will be changes that affect your food and drink business. Find out what you need to do to prepare.

Importing and exporting

To continue importing and exporting products between the UK and EU you must:

Read the guidance on simplified customs procedures for trading with the EU if we leave without a deal.

Further information is provided in HMRC’s advice for businesses trading with the EU.

You can also view flowcharts on how to import and export certain products after Brexit.

Trade agreements
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, there will be no implementation period. In this scenario, the government will seek to bring into force UK-third country agreements from exit day, or as soon as possible afterwards.

These new agreements will replicate existing EU agreements as far as possible. Where replacement trade agreements are not agreed, trade would take place on World Trade Organisation (WTO) terms with that country. Details of each agreement will be shared with parliament and the public when they have been agreed.

Read the guidance on existing free trade agreements if there’s no Brexit deal.

See trade support for Brexit

Preparing to move goods between Ireland and Northern Ireland
Goods moving between Ireland and Northern Ireland will have different procedures compared to other UK-EU trade.

Read the guidance on customs procedures and VAT for goods moving between Ireland and Northern Ireland.

The UK would implement a temporary tariff regime for up to 12 months.

Most UK imports would be tariff-free, but in certain sectors, such as agriculture, tariffs would be maintained.

Check the temporary rates of customs duty on imports after Brexit.

Animals, animal products and high risk feed
The way you import and notify the UK authorities of these imports will change.

You can read guidance on importing animals, animal products and high-risk food and feed not of animal origin if the UK leaves the EU with no-deal and importing and exporting live animals and animal products.

You’ll need to follow new processes to export the following in no-deal Brexit:

Importing and exporting plants and plant products
Plants and plant products (for example, certain vegetables, seeds and fruit) currently managed under the EU plant passport scheme will be subject to UK import controls.

There is a new import process you must follow and new rules for exports.

Read the guidance on importing and exporting plants and plant products if there’s a no-deal Brexit and plant health controls.

Food labelling
There will be changes to food labelling and organic food trade. For more information on these areas, see:

Marketing standards
Products that may be subject to changes include:

Non-harmonised food products
General rules on food are harmonised at EU level (for example, food labelling, food safety and hygiene requirements). In some cases there are also additional EU rules covering specific foods such as chocolate, jams and honey.

Non-harmonised food products are food products where there are no specific additional EU rules. Member states may be able to introduce their own national rules for these products. National rules on these products are subject to an EU notification procedure to make sure they do not create unnecessary barriers to trade.

Non-harmonised food products can circulate freely on the EU market under mutual recognition rules for which there is general guidance.

Mutual recognition is a principle of EU law. EU and EEA member states must allow goods to be marketed in their own territory, if they are legally marketed in another EU member state. For example, Spain has rules on table olives but accepts table olives from other member states that do not meet these rules, which currently includes the UK.

The mutual recognition principle will not apply to the UK after a no-deal Brexit. UK exporters of non-harmonised goods must check if the first EU member state in which they intend to market their goods has any national rules for those products, and follow those rules. For example, the UK would need to comply with the Spanish regulation on table olives.

There is guidance about Trading under the mutual recognition principle if there’s no Brexit deal.

There is also a list of product contact points to provide information about national rules.

National standards for non-harmonised products may vary between different EU/EEA countries. However once your goods have been lawfully marketed in one EU member state you may then be able to make use of the mutual recognition principle.

To prepare, individuals and businesses will need to:

  • consider how they are affected if they trade in food products and export to the EU
  • meet the requirements of the first country in which they intend to place food products on the EU market

Find out how to place manufactured goods on the EU market after Brexit.

Your employees
There are certain schemes and processes you should be aware of if you employ people.

Find out more in Employing EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members after Brexit.

See Brexit support for employers

Chemical regulations
If your business uses chemicals, you should take the following steps to prepare for the UK leaving the EU without a deal:

You should check contingency plans across your supply chain to find out what information you need to supply to UK agencies, logistics providers, suppliers and customers.

Data protection
Your business will need to make sure it follows data protection law if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. For more information see Brexit: Data protection steps for a no-deal exit.

More information
Visit Prepare for EU Exit to find more guidance on policy changes relevant to your sector and sign up for updates.

Also see: