Employment relations in the EU


There are European Union (EU) directives that regulate the relationship between employers and their workers or - more often - workers' representatives, and these apply across all member states of the European Economic Area (EEA). However, each country has implemented the directives into its own legislation, so there may be local variations.

Furthermore, the relationship between workers and employers can be very different in other EEA countries. For example, in some countries, workers have almost as much say in the running of a business as management.

Therefore, if you are considering employing people elsewhere in the EEA, this guide can help you to understand how such relationships operate and how they might affect your decision whether to expand your business and, if so, where.

Important: This information is still current but could change as a result of the withdrawal of the UK from the European Union. Any changes will be documented here. For more information, see Brexit support for employers.