Paper and cardboard manufacturing environmental regulation

Paper manufacturing waste permits, licences, exemptions and pre-notification

Guide

If your business uses, stores, recovers or disposes of waste you must ensure it does not cause pollution. You must check if your waste activities need a permit, licence or exemption from the Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA). You must have the appropriate authorisations in place before you start an activity.

Pollution prevention and control permits for waste activities - when you need one

You must have a pollution prevention and control (PPC) permit if your waste activities are classified as listed activities.

Listed waste activities include some waste incineration plants and landfills - see listed activity permits for paper and cardboard producers.

Waste management licences for waste activities - when you need one

You must have a waste management licence if you carry out certain types of waste management activities.

Waste management activities are waste disposal or recovery activities that require a waste management licence. Mobile plant can be used to carry out waste management activities - this is known as waste mobile plant.

Waste exemptions - which activities they cover

You must usually register an exemption from waste management licensing if you carry out an exempt waste management activity. You must comply with the conditions in your registered exemption.

Exempt waste management activities for paper and cardboard production businesses

Exempt waste management activity Exemption reference Registration requirements
Burning some waste wood or bark as a fuel in a small appliance in certain cases Paragraph 5 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Treating agricultural land with waste bark and wood, pulp from virgin timber, de-inked paper sludge or de-inked paper pulp from paper recycling, for agricultural benefit Paragraph 9 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Treating forests, woodlands, park gardens, verges, landscaped areas, sports grounds, recreation grounds, churchyards or cemeteries with waste bark and wood, or pulp from virgin timber, for ecological improvement Paragraph 9 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Baling, sorting or shredding up to 3,000 tonnes per week of waste paper or cardboard, for recovery or reuse Paragraph 12 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Composting biodegradable waste Paragraph 13 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Manufacturing products from waste paper or cardboard, up to 15,000 tonnes used or stored at any one time Paragraph 15 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Recovery of waste and returning it to the production process Paragraph 26 exemption Must be registered with NIEA
Treating waste on the site where it is produced as long as you don't change the physical, chemical or biological nature of the waste, eg baling, compacting, crushing or shredding waste paper or cardboard Paragraph 27 exemption No need to register
Storing any waste (non-hazardous or hazardous) temporarily on the site where it is produced in a secure place for no longer than 12 months, eg waste solvents, oil, plastic packaging, paper and cardboard, waste electrical and electronic equipment Paragraph 41 exemption No need to register

There are quantity limits for storing hazardous waste

If you are not sure whether your waste management activity is covered by an exemption, contact NIEA for advice.

You must renew your registered exemption either every year or every three years depending on the exemption.

Waste carrier or broker - when you need to register

You can transport waste produced by your own business directly to an authorised waste management site or recycling facility without being registered, unless it is building or demolition waste.

You must register with the NIEA as a waste carrier if you transport:

  • construction and demolition waste produced by your own business
  • any waste produced by another business

See waste carriers, brokers and dealers.

Hazardous waste - when you need to pre-notify the NIEA

You must pre-notify the NIEA at least 72 hours and not more than one month before any hazardous waste leaves your site. You do this by filling in a consignment note.

See dealing with hazardous waste.