Wood packaging means any kind of wood used in packing, eg packing cases, boxes, crates, drums, pallets, box pallets, pallet collars and dunnage (loose wood which is used to protect goods and their packaging and to stop cargoes from shifting during transit).
In general, manufacturers of wood packaging must meet the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM15), as this is the standard most commonly used around the world.
If you use ISPM15-compliant wood packaging for export, it must meet the requirements of the country where it was manufactured (or repaired), and it will also need to meet the requirements of the destination country.
Destination country import requirements
If you're despatching goods to another country within the European Union (EU) there are no additional controls or standards, other than the presumption that any packaging made from wood produced in EU member states automatically complies with European Community internal plant health regulations.
Exporters to Portugal are encouraged to use ISPM15 compliant wood packaging to enable its subsequent re-use out of Portugal. This is because of emergency measures against the spread of Pine Wood Nematode present there.
Requirements vary from country to country - so before exporting any goods with wood packaging material to any non-EU country, you should check whether they are party to ISPM15 and whether or not they have additional requirements.
You can find import requirements for different countries in this global guide. Alternatively, you can contact the country's embassy or the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO) in that country. You can find global national plant protection organisations.
The following types of wood packaging may have different requirements or may be exempt from any particular standard or requirement:
wood less than 6 millimetres thick is exempt from any requirement
wood packaging material comprised wholly of manufactured wood products such as plywood, particle board, oriented strand board, chipboard or similar is exempt from any requirement in some countries
barrels for wine and spirit
gift boxes for wine, cigars and other commodities made from wood that has been processed in some way that renders it free from pests