Guide

Sanctions, embargoes and restrictions

Introduction

Sanctions and embargoes are political trade restrictions put in place against target countries with the aim of maintaining or restoring international peace and security. This guide explains how sanctions and embargoes work and how they affect importers and exporters in international trade.

This guide also explains why and how governments put trade controls in place, and details the different types of sanctions and embargoes. It contains an overview of the laws of export control and shows how traders can apply for a licence to import or export their goods. It is important that traders keep up to date with legislation, so sources of further help are also given.