Trading in the European Union

Trading with other EU markets

You need to consider your particular business needs and see whether trading with other European Union (EU) countries will be of benefit to you.

Look at individual EU countries, find out about market conditions and ask yourself the following questions:

  • is there business you could do there?
  • would your products or services fill a niche in the market?
  • would they be competitive?
  • are there opportunities to find materials or components of higher quality or at lower prices?

Read more about entering overseas markets.

Which countries are EU member states?

The following 28 countries are EU member states:

Austria Belgium Croatia
Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland France
Germany Greece Hungary
Ireland Italy Latvia
Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Netherlands Poland Portugal
Slovakia Slovenia Spain
Sweden United Kingdom Romania

Information about market conditions in the various EU countries is available from a wide range of sources:

  • Enterprise Europe Network (EEN) - offers support and advice to businesses across Europe and helps them make the most of the opportunities in the European Union.
  • Invest Northern Ireland - to use the export-support services

Important: Following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, there will be immediate changes to the procedures that apply to businesses trading with the EU. It would mean that the free circulation of goods between the UK and EU would cease.

Read the latest UK government guidance on trading with the EU if there’s no Brexit deal.

Other bodies will also be able to help you explore the possibilities open to you in the EU, such as your trade association, professional body, or local Chamber of Commerce.