In general, a person is considered disabled for the purposes of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) if they have a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial, long-term and adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
- physical, eg mobility impairments
- mental, eg learning disabilities and some mental illnesses if severe and long term
- sensory, eg hearing impairments or visual impairments
Substantial means more than minor or trivial.
Long term means the impairment has lasted, or is likely to last:
- for at least 12 months
- for the rest of the life of that person
Normal day-to-day activities means activities that are carried out by most people on a regular and frequent basis.
What is deemed a disability?
Conditions that are not considered to be an impairment for the purposes of the DDA include:
- addiction to alcohol, cigarettes or other drugs - unless they result from drugs that have been prescribed by a doctor
- seasonal allergic rhinitis (including hay fever)
- a tendency to start fires
- a tendency to steal
- a tendency to physically or sexually abuse other people