Guide

Employment-related tribunal claims

Introduction

Employment-related tribunals (Industrial Tribunals and the Fair Employment Tribunal) hear cases and make decisions on a range of employment issues.

Industrial Tribunals hear nearly all cases involving employment disputes. The Fair Employment Tribunal will hear cases that involve discrimination of any aspect of alleged political opinion or religious belief.

Although an employment-related tribunal was originally not as formal as a court, it does comply with statutory rules of procedure and acts independently. It is in law an inferior court. Both types of tribunal operate in much the same way.

This guide looks at why employment-related tribunal claims arise, how to make and respond to claims, and how to avoid claims going ahead or even arising in the first place.