Anti-dumping duty is imposed on imports 'dumped' in the EU - ie sold at a price substantially below their normal value, usually their domestic market price. Anti-subsidies and countervailing measures apply duties or other actions, such as import quantity restrictions, to imports that benefit from specific subsidies in their country of origin. Safeguards are actions temporarily imposed on imports expected or likely to cause serious damage to a domestic industry competing with the imported goods.
This guide provides an overview of the three measures and explains how to check when they apply. It also covers investigations, defences and other practices. This guide contains intermediate information. Read more about using trade preferences.