When you use electric motors in your business you can save energy through:
- good 'housekeeping' and correct usage
- proper maintenance
- correct motor sizing and system optimisation
Electric motor usage and housekeeping
Leaving electric motors running when they are not needed, for example, during evenings or at the weekend, is expensive and wasteful. Depending on motor size, it can cost up to £2,000 a year per motor and it also shortens the motor's lifespan. Overheating and dirt can also reduce the lifespan of a motor.
There are various steps you can take to make sure that the day-to-day operation of your electric motors is carried out as efficiently as possible. These include:
- switching off motors wherever possible, perhaps including the introduction of an automated switch-off system
- locating motors and drives in areas that don't get too hot
- keeping components clean
Electric motor maintenance
Motor maintenance is one of the most important ways of ensuring that your motors continue to work efficiently.
There are two types of maintenance - planned preventative maintenance (PPM) and breakdown maintenance. PPM is essential for the long-term reliability and energy efficiency of your critical motor systems.
Electric motor sizing and optimising
Lightly-loaded motors are less efficient than fully-loaded ones, so it is much better that they are loaded as near to their full capacity as possible. There are different ways that you can achieve this, including:
- replacing larger, partially-loaded motors with smaller, fully-loaded ones - see replacing motors to save energy
- optimising a system or process so that the motor is running at full capacity for shorter time periods instead of running continually with a partial load
If it's not practical to change your existing motors or optimise existing systems you can still make energy savings on motors running with very light loads by:
- fitting motor optimisers that reduce the average voltage and current
- running the motor continually using a different connection mode - for example, star/delta, which reduces starting current and starting torque