The UK is one of the smallest wine producers in Europe, but one of the largest wine importers in the world. The UK is often considered to be the hub of the international trade in wine and, as a result, has a thriving industry. Northern Ireland has many businesses involved in importing and selling wine.
The Wine and Spirits Trade Association (WSTA) is the trade body which represents the interests of wine trade businesses The Food Standards Agency (FSA) enforces EU wine laws. Local councils issue licences for trading in wine and check that trading standards legislation is not being broken. HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) regulates import duty, excise and VAT.