Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) Scheme
Get an EORI number
You need an EORI number to move goods between the UK and non-EU countries.
If you do not have one, you may have increased costs and delays. For example, if HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) cannot clear your goods you may have to pay storage fees.
If you already have an EORI
From 1 January 2021 you’ll need an EORI number that starts with GB to move goods between Great Britain and other countries.
Check your EORI number. Apply for a new one if yours does not start with GB.
If you move goods to or from the EU
From 1 January 2021 you’ll need an EORI number to move goods between GB and the EU.
Apply for your EORI number as soon as possible. It can take up to a week to get one.
You’ll not usually need an EORI number if you only:
- provide services
- move goods between Northern Ireland and Ireland
If you use a post or parcel company they’ll tell you if you need an EORI number.
You’ll need an EU EORI number if your business will be making customs declarations or getting a customs decision in the EU. Get this from the customs authority in the EU country where you submit your first declaration or request your first decision.
If you move goods to or from Northern Ireland
From 1 January 2021 you’ll need an EORI number that starts with XI to:
- move goods between Northern Ireland and non-EU countries
- make a declaration in Northern Ireland
- get a customs decision in Northern Ireland
If you already have an EORI number from an EU country, you do not need an EORI number starting with XI. You may still need an EORI number starting with GB to use some UK customs systems.
To get an EORI number that starts with XI, you must already have an EORI number that starts with GB.
If you already have an EORI number starting with GB
You need to apply for an EORI number that starts with XI if you have not already received one from HMRC in the post. It takes 5 to 10 minutes to apply.
You’ll get your EORI number that starts with XI within 4 working days.
If you do not have an EORI number starting with GB
You can apply for an EORI number that starts with GB and one that starts with XI at the same time. You’ll get your EORI number that starts with XI within 4 working days.
Get advice if you move goods between Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Sign up for the Trader Support Service to get advice on EORI numbers and moving goods between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The service is free if you trade with Northern Ireland.
Before you apply
To apply you may need your:
- VAT number and effective date of registration - these are on your VAT registration certificate
- National Insurance number - if you’re an individual or a sole trader
- Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) - find your UTR if you do not know it
- business start date and Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code - these are in the Companies House register
- Government Gateway user ID and password
If you need a Government Gateway user ID, use either:
- the one for your business or organisation
- your own if you’re applying as an individual
If you do not already have a user ID, you’ll be able to create one when you apply.
Apply for an EORI number
It takes 5 to 10 minutes to apply for an EORI number. You’ll get it either:
- straight away
- within 5 working days (if HMRC needs to make more checks)
What you need to know
You may have to wait 48 hours to use your EORI number for customs declarations in the Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight (CHIEF) system.
Forgotten or lost EORI number
You can contact the EORI team online.
Other problems getting an EORI number
You can contact the EORI team online or by phone.
Telephone: 0300 322 7067
Monday to Friday, 08:00 to 18:00 (closed bank holidays)