Strategies to improve sales and profitability

Calculate your profit margins


To increase the profitability of your business, you need to understand two key concepts: profit margins and profit drivers.

Profit drivers are factors that affect your bottom line. They can be:

  • financial, such as the price of goods, sales volume, or inventory
  • non-financial, such as productivity, market share, customer satisfaction, etc

Understanding these factors and how they relate to your profit margin can help you to develop strategies to improve your profits, increase sales revenue and reduce your costs.

Work out your profit margin

Gross profit is the money you have after you deduct the cost of making and selling your product. The formula is simple: sales revenue - costs of goods sold = gross profit.

For example, if your business' revenue is £300,000 and the cost of goods sold is £100,000 - this leaves you a gross profit of £200,000.

To work out your gross profit margin, you divide your gross profit with the sales revenue. Then multiply by 100 to express this margin as a percentage. Using the example above, you would get a profit margin of 60 per cent.

To work out your gross profit margin percentage, you can use the following formula:
(gross profit ÷ sales revenue) x 100 = gross profit margin percentage.

To calculate net profit, deduct from gross profit all other business operating expenses, such as interest and tax.

Is profit margin important?

Yes. Profit margin gives you valuable information about the financial health of your business. You can use profit margin to:

Assess your business' current performance

If your profit margins are stable, your business is likely running well. However, decreasing margins could indicate problems and issues around pricing, sales, costs, etc. You may also use profit margins to benchmark your performance against other businesses in your sector or industry.

Manage your costs

Rising costs will show in your profit margin. You may want to find ways to reduce waste, manage your resources and deal with hidden costs. See how to reduce business costs to increase profits.

Increase efficiency

Productivity can help improve profit margins. Staff are a big expenditure for most businesses. Helping them become more effective means you'll get more output for your money. See how to improve productivity to increase profits.

Review your sales processes

If your margins are small, you may want to consider which customers are the most profitable to your business. This may help you effectively target the most profitable customers that are likely to buy more from you. You may also want to look at your product lines - for example, stop selling products that eat into your profit margin and concentrate more on your successful lines.

Identify new business opportunities

If your margins suggest that certain products or customers are more profitable, you may want to look for opportunities to sell more to or sell complementary products to profitable customers. You could also enter new markets to increase profits.

Using some or all of these strategies could help to increase your profit margins. You should include these measures when preparing a business plan for growth.