Export or move animal bones, protein and other by-products from GB to Northern Ireland

Guide

Last updated 18 January 2021

This guidance applies to businesses in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) exporting or moving animal by-products (ABP) to, or through Northern Ireland.

Check the rules by contacting the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) or by getting help researching export markets.

In most cases, you’ll need an export health certificate (EHC) or model declaration form to export ABP.

There are some types of ABP you cannot export, and some cases where you do not need a certificate.

You need to follow different rules for exporting or moving ABP:

If you’re moving ABP to NI, you do not need to pay for them to be inspected and certified. The certifier invoices the government for these costs as part of the Movement Assistance Scheme.

ABP you cannot export or move

You cannot export or move untreated and unprocessed ABP from GB:

  • to the EU or NI
  • through the EU to non-EU countries

Export or move ABP to NI

You need an EHC or model declaration form to:

  • move ABP from GB to Northern Ireland (NI)
  • transit through the EU and NI

You also need to:

General exporting rules
Make sure you follow wider business guidance for exporting to the EU from 1 Jan 2021.

Additional rules
If you’re moving or exporting ABP from GB to the EU or NI, you must make sure:

  • mammalian processed animal protein (PAP) has been processed in a region considered as posing a negligible BSE risk through method 1 (pressure sterilisation)
  • tallow for non-feed use has a marker using glycerol triheptanonate (GTH)

Check if you need an EHC

To export or move animal by-products (ABP), you’ll need to check the export health certificate (EHC) finder to get either:

If you find an EHC, follow the EHC process to export.

If you cannot find an EHC, you’ll need to contact the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA), in advance, to find out what:

  • paperwork you’ll need to fill in
  • rules you need to comply with

If DAERA say that you need an EHC, you’ll need to get their import conditions. Email the conditions to APHA at exports@apha.gov.uk who’ll arrange an EHC for you.

EU listing of establishments
You need to be listed with the EU if you’re a GB establishment that:

  • exports ABP direct to the EU
  • supplies other UK establishments that export products of animal origin to the EU

Check the lists of EU approved establishments for:

If you would like your establishment to be listed, contact the ABP team on 03000 200 301 or email them at CSCOneHealthABP@apha.gov.uk.

Checks at EU Border Control Posts (BCPs) or point(s) of entry in NI
You must get ABP checked at an EU BCP or point of entry in NI, from 1 January 2021.

These checks are made to protect:

  • animal health and welfare
  • public health

Your goods may be refused entry, seized, destroyed or returned to GB if they arrive at:

  • a port in the EU without a BCP where checks cannot be carried out
  • an EU BCP that cannot check your type of product
  • an EU BCP without the correct documentation

Find the correct BCP for your goods
You must find a BCP that accepts ABP as not all BCPs accept all goods. You’ll need to consider how to redirect your trade route if needed.

There are more than 400 BCPs in the EU and they’re usually at EU ports and airports.

Check the full list of EU BCPs.

Give advance notice to EU BCPs or point(s) of entry in NI
You’ll need to give EU BCPs or points of entry in NI advance notice of goods arriving.

Check with the BCP or point of entry you’re planning to use for how much notice is needed.

Contact your import agent in the EU or NI to make sure they notify the BCP through TRACES of the arrival of the consignment.

They must do this within the time limits set out by the BCP or point of entry.

What happens if your ABP fail inspection at a BCP

If your ABP fail inspection because of risks to animal or public health, they will be destroyed immediately. If the goods fail for other reasons, the BCP will:

  • notify your importer or agent
  • ask them to decide whether your goods should be destroyed or returned to GB

The BCP will not usually contact you directly.

ABP rejected from an EU BCP from 1 January
From 1 January to 30 June 2021, ABP rejected at EU BCPs may, subject to a risk assessment, re-enter GB through any point of entry.

Rejected goods are consignments rejected by the competent authority in an EU country. Consignments rejected for commercial reasons cannot be returned as rejected goods.

There are certain documentary requirements to return rejected goods to GB from the EU. The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) will notify you if the returned consignment needs to enter through a BCP or can enter through any point of entry.

Rejected goods are consignments rejected by the competent authority in an EU country. Consignments rejected for commercial reasons cannot be returned as rejected goods.

There are certain documentary requirements to return rejected goods to GB from the EU. The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) will notify you if the returned consignment needs to enter through a BCP or can enter through any point of entry.

Document requirements for rejected ABP from 1 January to 30 June 2021
To return a consignment email APHA Centre for International Trade (CIT) at imports@apha.gov.uk. In the title of the email state clearly that the message relates to the return of a consignment.

Attach these documents to your email:

  • a declaration from the EU BCP describing the reason for refusal of entry
  • full details of destination in GB and the intended use or destruction of the returned consignment from the person responsible for the consignment
  • the original export certificate for the returned product
  • a declaration stating that the consignment has remained sealed with an intact original seal or an official seal applied by the EU BCP

If the consignment did not require a veterinary certificate or did not have a certificate for export you must present a commercial invoice or similar that verifies the returned consignment corresponds with the one that was exported.

You must have an official declaration from the EU BCP if any of the following apply:

  • the products have been unloaded, stored, re-loaded in the EU
  • the original seal has been replaced
  • the products were not originally exported in a sealed container

The official declaration must state the:

  • place and date of unloading, storage and re-loading and the seal number put on the container after reloading
  • reasons for unloading and storage

The official declaration must confirm that the:

  • seal on the vehicle or container of the consignment was only broken for the purpose of official controls
  • products were handled only to the extent necessary, and in particular at the appropriate temperature
  • products were handled in a way that prevents cross contamination during the official controls
  • vehicle or container was immediately re-sealed after the official controls

APHA will assess these documents to decide the conditions of import and if the consignment can be returned through any point of entry or will have to enter through a BCP.

APHA will issue you with a written authorisation. The consignment cannot be returned until you have received this authorisation. You must comply with the conditions of the authorisation.

The imports@apha.gov.uk email address is monitored Monday to Friday, 8.30am to 5pm (excluding public holidays).

Returned goods procedure for ABP rejected from an EU BCP from 1 July 2021
Returned goods must enter GB at an appropriately designated BCP for checks on entry from 1 July 2021. You must notify on IPAFFS and present the relevant documentation to the BCP as set out in the returned goods processes for animal products and live animals.

ABP from endangered animals

Use the Species+ tool to search for the animal your by-product is from. Check which annex (A, B, C or D) it’s classified as under EU wildlife trade regulations.

If Species+ says the animal is banned, you cannot export it.

If the species is listed, you may need Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) permits to export the ABP from the UK. Follow the advice on exporting endangered species.