Flexible working: the law and best practice

Types of flexible working

The term flexible working covers flexibility in terms of the hours that are worked and the location and includes the following:

Types of flexible working
Part-time working Employees are contracted to work less than standard, basic, full-time hours.
Flexi-time Employees have the freedom to work in any way they choose outside a set core of hours determined by the employer.
Staggered hours Employees have different start, finish and break times, allowing a business to open longer hours.
Compressed working hours Employees can cover their standard working hours in fewer working days.
Job sharing One full-time job is split between two employees who agree the hours between them.
Shift working Work that takes place on a schedule outside the traditional 9am – 5pm day. It can involve evening or night shifts, early morning shifts, and rotating shifts.
Shift swapping Employees arrange shifts among themselves, provided all required shifts are covered.
Self rostering Employees nominate the shifts they'd prefer, leaving you to compile shift patterns matching their individual preferences while covering all required shifts.
Term-time working An employee remains on a permanent contract but can take paid/unpaid leave during school holidays.
Annual hours Employees' contracted hours are calculated over a year. While the majority of shifts are allocated, the remaining hours are kept in reserve so that workers can be called in at short notice as required.
V-time working Employees agree to reduce their hours for a fixed period with a guarantee of full-time work when this period ends.
Home working/teleworking Employees spend all or part of their week working from home or somewhere else away from the employer's premises.
Sabbatical/career break Employees are allowed to take an extended period of time off, either paid or unpaid.


Flexible arrangements should comply with the law on working time. See our guide on hours, rest breaks and the working week.